"Her who in January was born
No gem save garnets shall be worn
They will ensure her constancy
True friendship and fidelity."
The name “garnet” is derived from the Latin “granatum” meaning “pomegranate” because the crystals resemble the red colour and seed-like form of this fruit. In fact, garnets come in all kinds of colours such as black, many shades of green and they can even be colourless. This variation in colour comes from metals such as manganese, iron, calcium, and aluminium. Green garnets are most highly prized as they are very rare, as are the colourless stones.
Garnets are commonly found as small pebbles in streams, where the igneous and metamorphic rocks that contain them have weathered away. They’re found in many places around the world, including North and South America, Australia, India, Asia and Spain.
Ancient warriors believed that garnets brought victory. The Crusaders used them as protection against wounds and accidents during their journeys.
In contrast, Asiatic warriors believed that glowing garnets, used as bullets, inflicted more severe wounds.
As with many precious stones, garnets were once believed to hold medicinal powers. In Medieval times, it protected its wearer against poisons, wounds and bad dreams, and cured depression. Red garnets relieved fever, haemorrhages and inflammatory diseases.
To modern users, the garnet symbolizes a light heart, loyalty and enduring affections.